Al bitanah
Environmental Conservation at Al Bithnah

Restoring the historic site of Al Bithnah in Fujairah and preserving habitats to help nature and people thrive.

Al Bithnah Environmental Conservation | Emirates Nature-WWF


Located in Wadi Ham between Masafi and Fujairah, Al Bithnah Fort contributed to the prosperity of local communities in the late 1800s. Today, the site has the potential to safeguard local communities once more, as a world-class example of sustainable development.

Emirates Nature-WWF and Etihad Rail, in collaboration with Etihad Rail, Crown Prince Court- Fujairah ,Fujairah Environmental Authority and Fujairah Adventure with the support of the local communities, are joining hands to renovate the ancient falaj irrigation system in Al Bithnah village and rehabilitate the surrounding habitat.

By exploring solutions to restore access to fresh water and introducing modern water management techniques, the project aims to promote sustainable farming and preserve the site’s biodiversity.

Ahabib about the project


Ahabib conservation in action

The local community is at the heart of the initiative. The project aims to improve the livelihoods, diversify the local economy and make a positive impact on the life and overall wellbeing of community members –  in collaboration with the community.

The project will create innovative opportunities for community members to partake in trainings, collaborate with stakeholders, participate as volunteers and engage in nature.

We will also explore solutions to help establish a greener local economy through market transformation.


Al Bithnah village was the theatre of a famous battle in 1735 when there were regular clashes between the two main local tribes. At that time, there was little fortification to protect the village and its residents.

Al Bithnah Fort was built for this reason. The strategic location of the fort allowed the locals to protect their village from attackers. Several watchtowers were also constructed nearby to warn residents of any oncoming attacks. The remnants of these can be seen even today.

Located 13.5 kilometres north-west of Fujairah city, the fort protected the inland route to Fujairah through Wadi Ham. For years, it was central to Sheikh Hammad Bin Abdullah Al Sharqi’s declaration of Fujairah as a de facto independent state.

Towards a secure tomorrow

Project goals

Our goal is to restore the ancient falaj in Al Bithnah for cultural, environmental and educational purposes.

The falaj system is a series of wells and canals, to channel the underground water towards farms and settlements.

By exploring innovative solutions to improve the state of fresh water resources, the project will meet the needs of the local community, create new opportunities towards a greener economy, contribute to national food and water security, and preserve biodiversity.

By creating a Nature and Heritage Trail, we will support new market opportunities and educate local communities and visitors about the region’s history, ecology and natural assets.

We will also promote sustainable management of the surrounding habitat and apply learnings from our past conservation projects to improve farming practices and ensure sustainable use of water.

Project milestones

Community Engagement

1. Community engagement Listening to the local community is a key aspect of this inclusive conservation project. Majlises will be organised regularly to involve and integrate opinions of the local community throughout the project.

Fajal Restoration

2. Falaj restoration The surface channels of the abandoned falaj system will be renovated, underground channels will be explored and cleaned, and solutions will be explored to bring water in and put the falaj in a functional state.

Biodiversity Survey

3. Biodiversity survey In our first year, we will survey the area to understand its biodiversity and identify species, threats, and solutions to preserve flora and fauna.

Heritage trail implementation

4. Nature & Heritage Trail implementation Developed in collaboration with Fujairah Adventures, the trail will showcase the rich biodiversity of the area, and raise awareness about the history, culture, ecology and conservation challenges.

Habitat Restoration

5. Habitat restoration We will investigate technical solutions to restore water in the abyssa, the natural pond at the base of fort, and find ways to bring back associated wildlife.

Market Transformation

6. Market transformation A socio-economic survey will be conducted with local universities to better understand the living challenges of the local community and explore solutions to diversify the local economy through solutions such as agriculture.


7. Volunteer engagement Volunteers from across the UAE will be invited to help implement the conservation project through field activities including biodiversity surveys and rehabilitation of habitats.

Working Together


EPAA, Coca-Cola, Emirates Nature-WWF logos
EPAA, Coca-Cola, Emirates Nature-WWF logos


EPAA, Coca-Cola, Emirates Nature-WWF logos
EPAA, Coca-Cola, Emirates Nature-WWF logos

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